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Year 1

Year 1 children


As children move through Reception, they will be supported to become Ready for Year 1 and the Primary National Curriculum. 


At Corfe Castle Primary, our Year 1 children continue in the Ladybird class for Year 1 to support their transition. There is still opportunity for play-based learning through the Continuous Provision of learning, whilst there is an expectation on children to be involved in more adult led learning and completing tasks.


Here is a general overview of the Year 1 Curriculum: 




Where are we aiming to be by the end of Year 1? 

All children learn and develop at different rates and it is our role as teachers to shape the learning to meet their age, stage and needs. By the end of Year 1 children meeting the Age- Related Expectations should be able to:



  • Read for pleasure and relate reading to own experiences 
  • Re-read to correct
  • Re-tell with considerable accuracy 
  • Discuss significance of title and events 
  • Make simple predictions on basis of what has been read 
  • Read with pace and expression, i.e. pause at full stops and raise voice for a question 
  • Know difference between fiction and non-fiction texts
  • Learn some simple rhymes and poems by heart 
  • Read Phase 4 and Phase 5 tricky words 
  • Be secure at Phase 5 phonics

Speaking and Listening 

  • Talk clearly and loudly enough to be understood by others 
  • Listen attentively to others and respond appropriately
  • Take turns when speaking without interrupting others 




  • Write sentences that start with a capital letter and end with a full stop 
  • Use ‘and’ to join ideas 
  • In writing, show evidence of full stops, question marks or exclamation marks 
  • Use capital letters for names of people, places and days of the week, and the personal pronoun ‘I’ 
  • Write clearly sequenced sentences 
  • Correct formation of capital and lower case – starting and finishing in the right place 
  • Correct formation of digits 




  • Words using Phase 5 phonemes 
  • Tricky words from Phase 4 and Phase 5 
  • The days of the week 



  • Count to and across 100, forwards and backwards from any number 
  • Read and write numbers to 20 in digits and words
  • Read and write numbers to 100 in digits 
  • Say 1 more and1 less than numbers to 100 
  • Count in multiples of 1, 2, 5 and 10 
  • Know bonds to 10 by heart 
  • Use bonds and subtraction facts to 20 
  • Add and subtract 1 digit and 2 digit numbers to 20, including zero 
  • Add any three 1-digit numbers with a total up to 20 
  • Solve simple multiplication and division with apparatus  
  • Recognise half and quarter of an object, shape or quantity 
  • Sequence events in order 
  • Know months of the year in order 
  • Use language of day, week, month and year 
  • Know o’clock and half past using analogue clock 
  • Recognise and name common 2D shapes, e.g. square, rectangle, circle and triangle 
  • Recognise and name common 3D shapes, e.g. cube, cuboid, sphere and pyramid • Describe whole, half, quarter and three quarter turns 


Phonics Screening Check


What is phonics?

There has been a big shift in the past few years in how we teach reading in school. This is having a huge impact and helping many children learn to read and spell. Phonics is recommended as the first strategy that children should be taught in helping them learn to read. Phonics runs alongside other teaching methods to help children develop vital reading skills and give them a real love of reading.


Letters and Sounds is a phonics resource published by the Department for Education and Skills. It aims to build children’s speaking and listening skills in their own right as well as to prepare children for learning to read by developing their phonic knowledge and skills. It sets out a detailed and systematic programme for teaching phonic skills for children starting by the age of five, with the aim of them becoming fluent readers by age seven.


We are using the Letters and Sounds document in Reception, Year 1 and 2 to support the children with their reading and phonetic awareness.


Letters and Sounds Synthetic Phonics Sounds

Letters and Sounds DFES 2007

Six Phonic Phases


What is the phonics screening check?

The national phonics screening check was introduced in 2012 to all Year 1 pupils. It is a short, statutory assessment to ensure that children are making sufficient progress in the phonics skills to read words and are on track to become fluent readers who can enjoy reading for pleasure and for learning.


The Department for Education defines the checks as “short, light-touch assessments” that take about four to nine minutes to complete.


When does the Year 1 phonics screening check take place?

All Year 1 pupils will take the phonics screening check during a set week in June. 


How is the check structured?

It comprises a list of 40 words and non-words, which the children know as ‘alien’ or ‘monster’ words. Your child will read one-to-one with their teacher. They will be asked to ‘sound out’ the word and blend the sounds together to read the word. The words will be presented as a booklet with up to 4 words per page. Non-words will be presented with a colourful picture of an alien. The children will be asked what the aliens name is by reading the pseudo word. This will make the check a bit more fun and provides the children with a context for these non-words. They are included because they will be new to all pupils, so there won’t be a bias to those with a good vocabulary knowledge or visual memory of words. Pupils who can read non-words should have the skills to decode almost any unfamiliar word.


Half the words cover phonic skills which are usually covered in Reception, and half the words are based on Year 1 phonics skills.


Does a teacher have to carry out the screening check?

Yes, it is important that a teacher carries out the check with the pupils in our school.


How will the results from the phonics screening check be used?

Schools have to inform parents towards the end of the summer term in Year 1 of their child’s results. At Corfe Castle Primary School, the results form part of the end of year reporting. All of the children are individuals and develop at different stages. The results of the screening check will assist teachers to identify which children will need further support with decoding.


What happens if a child struggles with the screening check?

The screening check will identify children who have phonic decoding skills below the level expected for the end of Year 1 and who therefore need extra help. Your child will re-sit the check the following summer term. At Corfe Castle we regularly check phonic development within our approach to the assessment of reading. This screening forms part of our overall assessment procedure.


How can I help my child?

There are a number of things that parents can do to support early reading skill development.


Let your child see you enjoying reading yourself – they are influenced by you and what you value!

Immerse your child in a love of reading: share books and magazines with your child, take them to the library to choose books and read to them.


Make time for your child to read school books to you regularly – encourage them by pointing to the words and ask them about the story they are reading.


Help your child to practise reading key words and sounds when these are sent.


Communicate with your child’s teacher through their Home/School reading.


Make up nonsense (alien) words for names of toys or things around them.


Play games online at and